Is it true or false that The media have always been an instrument of the state as well as a tool for social change?
1. Many forms of leisure and recreation have shifted from spontaneous or informal activities to formal and organized ones true or false
2. The care of the elderly is primarily a task entrusted to the family.
3. true or false The United States has the lowest infant mortality rate in the world
4. is it true or false that The media have always been an instrument of the state as well as a tool for social change.
5. Under certain conditions, the Federal Communication Commission allows a single company to own every media outlet in a single market.
6. The nature of health can be defined by its social rather than biological context.
7. What led to the increase in leisure time in the twentieth century?
a. Changes in values and norms made leisure seem more desirable.
b. increases in industrial productivity and time-saving technologies
c. decreases in family size
e. increases in life span and better health care
8. Revolutionary social change is often the result of technological developments.
9. The tragedy of the commons is a kind of social dilemma in which:
a. science needs to come up with better technical solutions to environmental problems.
b. individually rational behavior leads to collective disaster.
c. individuals must be convinced to contribute to a collective resource that they may or may not benefit from.
d. fortunately most people are not motivated by self-interest.
e. the more critical the situation becomes, the more likely people are to cooperate with one another.
10. The spread of material and nonmaterial culture to new cultural groups, even when there is no migration of people, is called:
b. cultural leveling.
c. cultural lag.
d. cultural diffusion.
e. culture shock.
11. Which of the following people would be most likely to join a social movement?
a. a young woman who attends college and is involved in campus government and volunteers for local and state political campaigns
b. a disaffected loner, taking lots of math classes, but without a real social life or a good outlet to make friends or form romantic relationships
c. a young man from the lower class who gets a job in a campus cafeteria and notices how well off the students he serves are
d. an average student who spends a lot of time smoking marijuana and switches majors several times
e. a single mother who works nights as a stocker at a grocery store and has relatives both in the deep south and on the west coast
12. How does the U.S. Census Bureau define “family”?
a. two or more individuals related by blood, marriage, or adoption who share a household
b. a social group bound to one another through legal, biological, or emotional ties
c. people who are emotionally and/or materially interdependent
d. people who share a household
e. parents living with minor children
13. Death and illness in a population is bad for productivity of the system and is a destabilizing force. Which theory takes this approach to medicine?
a. sick role
c. structural functionalism
d. symbolic interactionism
14. Which of the following is NOT considered to be protected speech?
a. information about bombs and weapons
b. hateful language directed at racial and ethnic minorities
c. pictures taken of celebrities on public property
d. information about the personal lives of political candidates
e. material considered to be obscene
15. If an urban neighborhood were to suddenly develop an assortment of upscale restaurants, coffee shops, hip boutiques, and art galleries, then the neighborhood is:
a. becoming gentrified.
b. growing into an edge city.
c. reacting to the rural rebound.
d. changing patterns of pollution and resource use.
e. experiencing smart growth.
16. Whereas the top causes of death in the United States are ________________, those in the developing world are continually affected by the threat of _______________.
a. acute; curative
b. preventive; crisis
c. preventive; chronic
d. chronic; acute
e. crisis; acute
17. Jorge has learned that he has a mental illness. Since then, he has begun to act according to the illness, in ways that he thinks others expect someone with a mental illness to act. Which theory of health and illness best explains his situation?
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