How to write a perfect conclusion of a literature review.A comprehensive guide


Writing the conclusion of a literature review is a critical step that synthesizes the findings, highlights the significance of the research, and offers insights for future studies. Crafting an effective conclusion involves summarizing key points, discussing implications, and providing closure to the review. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll look into the process of writing a conclusion for a literature review, exploring strategies, tips, and examples to help you create a compelling and impactful conclusion.

Understanding the Purpose of the Conclusion

literature review


Before diving into the specifics of writing a conclusion, it’s essential to understand its purpose within the context of a literature review:

  1. Summarize Key Findings: The conclusion serves to recap the main findings and arguments presented throughout the review.
  2. Synthesize Information: It brings together diverse sources and ideas to provide a cohesive understanding of the topic.
  3. Highlight Significance: The conclusion emphasizes the importance of the reviewed literature and its relevance to the research question or topic.
  4. Discuss Implications: It explores the broader implications of the findings and identifies potential avenues for future research.
  5. Provide Closure: Finally, the conclusion offers a sense of closure by summarizing the review’s main points and leaving the reader with a lasting impression.

Strategies for Writing an Effective Conclusion of a literature review

Now that we’ve outlined the purpose of the conclusion, let’s explore some strategies to help you craft a compelling and impactful conclusion for your literature review:

1. Summarize Key Points of literature review

Begin by summarizing the main findings and arguments presented in your literature review. Highlight the key themes, trends, and patterns that emerged from your analysis. This summary should provide a concise overview of the most significant insights gained from reviewing the literature.

2. Reflect on the Research Question of literature review

Revisit the research question or objective that guided your literature review. Discuss how the findings from the reviewed literature address or contribute to addressing this question. Emphasize the extent to which the existing literature has provided insights into the topic and whether any gaps or limitations remain.

3. Discuss Implications of literature review

Consider the broader implications of the reviewed literature for theory, practice, and policy. Discuss how the findings contribute to advancing knowledge in the field and how they may inform future research, interventions, or decision-making. This is an opportunity to demonstrate the practical relevance and significance of the reviewed literature.

4. Address Limitations of literature review

Acknowledge any limitations or constraints encountered during the literature review process. This could include limitations in the scope of the review, gaps in the available literature, or methodological constraints. Being transparent about these limitations demonstrates a critical awareness of the review’s strengths and weaknesses.

5. Suggest Future Directions of literature review

Identify potential avenues for future research based on the gaps or unanswered questions revealed by the literature review. Consider areas where further investigation could deepen understanding or address remaining uncertainties. This demonstrates your capacity to think critically and contributes to the ongoing scholarly conversation in the field.

6. Provide Closure of literature review

End your conclusion with a strong closing statement that reinforces the significance of the reviewed literature and leaves a lasting impression on the reader. This closure should encapsulate the main takeaway message or insight gained from the literature review, leaving the reader with a sense of completion and satisfaction.

Tips for Writing

In addition to the strategies outlined above, here are some additional tips to keep in mind when writing the conclusion of your literature review:

  • Be Concise: Keep your conclusion concise and focused, avoiding unnecessary repetition or elaboration.
  • Maintain a Formal Tone: Maintain a formal and objective tone throughout the conclusion, avoiding the use of personal pronouns or colloquial language.
  • Be Specific: Provide specific examples or evidence from the reviewed literature to support your conclusions and recommendations.
  • Consider Your Audience: Tailor your conclusion to the needs and expectations of your target audience, whether they are academics, practitioners, or policymakers.
  • Revise and Edit: Take the time to revise and edit your conclusion carefully, ensuring clarity, coherence, and logical flow.

Example Conclusion

To illustrate these strategies in action, let’s consider an example conclusion for a literature review on the topic of climate change adaptation strategies:

“In conclusion, this literature review has provided a comprehensive overview of the various climate change adaptation strategies employed across different regions and sectors. Our analysis revealed key themes such as the importance of community-based approaches, the role of technological innovations, and the need for integrated policy frameworks. Despite significant progress in this field, several challenges remain, including limited resources, political barriers, and uncertainties regarding the effectiveness of certain strategies.

Moving forward, there is a clear need for further research to address these gaps and uncertainties. Future studies should focus on evaluating the long-term impacts of adaptation measures, exploring innovative financing mechanisms, and enhancing collaboration between stakeholders. By addressing these challenges and building on the insights gained from the reviewed literature, we can develop more robust and effective strategies for climate change adaptation.

In closing, this literature review underscores the urgency of addressing climate change and the critical role of adaptation strategies in building resilience and safeguarding communities and ecosystems. By synthesizing the findings of existing research and identifying opportunities for future inquiry, this review contributes to ongoing efforts to mitigate the impacts of climate change and ensure a sustainable future for all.”


Writing the conclusion of a literature review requires careful consideration of the purpose, audience, and key findings of the review. By summarizing key points, discussing implications, and suggesting future directions, you can create a conclusion that provides closure while also highlighting the significance of the reviewed literature. By following the strategies and tips outlined in this guide, you can craft an effective and impactful conclusion that enhances the overall quality and contribution of your literature review.

Rebecca J.
Rebecca J.
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